Today, we’re going to look at robotics scenes in movies and judge how real they are. The Iron Man suit exists, but not quite as advanced as in the movie.

    #Robots: Former NASA roboticist Ayanna Howard rates 11 robots from movies and television for realism. She discusses the accuracy of “Iron Man” (2008), starring Robert Downey Jr.; “Spider-Man 2” (2004), featuring Alfred Molina; “Terminator 2: Judgment Day” (1991), with Arnold Schwarzenegger; and “Transformers” (2007). She also comments on “I, Robot” (2004), with Will Smith; Baymax from “Big Hero 6” (2014); Ava from “Ex Machina” (2014); and “Minority Report” (2002), starring Tom Cruise. Howard analyzes “Black Mirror” S4E5 (2017), “Westworld” S1E1 (2016), TARS from “Interstellar” (2014), and R2-D2 and C-3PO from “Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope” (1977).

    Summary and main points

    [01:21]
    Baymax is a cute movie, but it’s unrealistic because the only thing that exists is the people and the robot of form factor. Soft robotics does exist, and it’s considered safe to have robots working next to people.

    [02:25]
    There are elements of medical robotics in this video clip, such as systems that can diagnose based on data and have higher accuracy than a untrained radiologist.

    [03:00]
    A robot’s CPU is based on cameras, and computer vision algorithms use methods in deep learning to identify objects, identify people, and even identify facial expressions of people. Rebooting a robot wipes out all its programming, and makes it new again.

    [04:28]
    There are a lot of hurdles to overcome when creating a transformer robot, such as stability and control, and the need for sufficient actuation to lift the weight required to create a transformer robot.

    [05:38]
    R2-D2’s form factor and shape is not what evokes our human response. It’s the combination of the movement and the language that taps into our human emotions.

    What are the different robots in the field of movies and television shows?

    [06:55]
    There is a field in robotics called multiagent collaboration, and there are robot soccer teams that collaborate together. Small robots like this are possible, and they can have as much intelligence as these robots.

    [08:07]
    There’s a field of robotics called nanorobotics, where the robots are even smaller. They use things like tweezers to put things together, and they have to be able to withstand the radiation of space, the environmental constraints, and the extreme temperatures.

    [10:02]
    There are two areas of robotics research that use muscle activation to control robotic arms, and another area uses direct implants into the brain to control robotic arms. Both of these research paths require intense surgery.

    [10:52]
    Doc Ock uses smart arms that are controlled by his brain through a neural link. The resolution of his brain’s control over the robot arms is limited, however, and he would rate this as a 4.

    [11:47]
    They did design a robot that moved and navigated like an actual platform, and the sensor that was shown was most likely a lidar. The robot could not hack an electronic device, and solar power would not provide enough power.

    [13:28]
    Robots are programmed with three laws: thou shall not harm a human, thou shall obey a human, and thou shalt not interfere with a human being. But in the real world, robots can’t follow these laws because they might harm a human.

    [14:57]
    Boston Dynamics with Petman does parkour, flips, turns in midair, gymnastics, and has actuation that can survive in the real world for hours.

    [15:31]
    The Turing test was created to figure out how to tell when a computer is intelligent, but it has been beaten all the time because it’s based on the observer point of view.

    [16:26]
    Ava always knew how to speak, but it took her hours to learn new words. She is not realistic, but her best depiction is in the Iron Man video clip.

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